Director of photography

Directors of photography (DoPs) are in charge of lighting and camera crews on TV and film productions, and are responsible for the look and feel of images.

Annual Salary


Average UK salary in 2018 was £29,588 (source Office for Statistics)

Working hours


Future employment

There will be 3% more Director of photography jobs in 2024.
In your local area

What's it all about?

You’ll work with directors, camera crews and lighting departments to get the right frame, lighting and mood for a film or TV programme. You’ll plan camera angles, shot sizes and lighting.

Before filming, you’ll discuss with a director how a script will be translated for the screen. 

You’ll then:

  • visit a location (known as a recce) before filming to check its suitability
  • order filming and lighting equipment
  • test equipment 
  • manage all aspects of filming, sometimes operating a camera
  • supervise the camera crew to decide on any special camera moves
  • work closely with the lighting team to decide on lighting techniques
  • review film footage with the director

 You'll usually need paid or unpaid experience of:

  • operating cameras and testing equipment, like lenses and filters
  • lighting and planning for any camera and lighting equipment that might be needed
  • photography and capturing images with light
  • working with a camera crew

A ‘reel’, or portfolio, of your work to show to employers will be helpful.

A degree in a related subject, like art, drama, photography or film studies, stills, may also be useful, but isn't essential.

You could also start as a camera trainee or runner, and move on to 2nd assistant camera (AC), then 1st AC, before applying for work as a camera operator.

Creative Skillset has more information on careers in the film industry.


You’ll usually work freelance and be paid a fee for each individual contract or project. Rates will vary based on the type of film and budget.

You could be paid up to £65,000 a production. 

These figures are a guide.


Your hours will be long and irregular. You may need to work 12 to 14 hours a day during filming, including evenings and weekends.

You could be based in a film or TV studio, or on location. 

You may need to travel in the UK, or overseas. 
With experience, you could work on TV and film productions with bigger budgets, or become a director or producer.

Skills required and how your skills match up

What skills are required?

You’ll usually need:

  • creative ability 
  • communication skills
  • the ability to lead and motivate others
  • an eye for detail, and a steady hand
  • IT skills
My top 5 skills from the skills bank
Please sign in to compare your skills to this job. Sign in

To save or view your choices and results you must sign in or register (takes 1 minute).

Sign in Register