Zoologists study animals and their behaviour.

Annual Salary

£21,000 to £48,000

Average UK salary in 2018 was £29,588 (source Office for Statistics)

Working hours


What's it all about?

You could work in a range of areas like:

  • developing and testing new drugs
  • improving agricultural crops and livestock
  • disease and pest control
  • conserving endangered habitats and species
  • animal welfare and education
  • developing policies and enforcing regulations for government agencies

You’ll usually specialise in an area like ecology (animal environments), herpetology (reptiles), entomology (insects), parasitology (parasites) or paleozoology (fossil remains).

Your day-to-day tasks will vary depending on your role, but may include:

  • carrying out field and laboratory research
  • studying animals in their natural environment or in captivity
  • identifying, recording and monitoring animal species
  • gathering and interpreting information
  • using complex procedures, like computerised molecular and cellular analysis, and in-vitro fertilisation
  • producing detailed technical reports
  • giving presentations and publishing information in journals and books
  • supervising technicians


You could study for a degree in a subject like:

  • zoology
  • animal ecology
  • animal behaviour
  • conservation

You'll need a relevant postgraduate qualification like a master's degree or PhD for some jobs, particularly in research.

You'll usually need:

  • 5 GCSEs at grade 4 (C) or above, including English, maths and sometimes a science
  • at least 2 A levels, including biology, for a degree
  • a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study

Volunteering in conservation work could strengthen your application for university courses.

£21,000 to £48,000

Starter salary: £21,000 to £25,000

Experienced salary: £25,000 to £30,000 (Research staff)

Salaries in private industry and other organisations can vary considerably.

These figures are a guide.


In industry, research and higher education you’ll usually work 37 to 40 hours a week from Monday to Friday. As a field researcher you’ll work variable hours. For example you would need to work at night if you’re studying nocturnal animals.

If you work in conservation you may have to work evenings, weekends and public holidays, to attend evening meetings, supervise volunteers or host public open days.

You may need to live overseas for periods of time for some research roles.

With experience, you could move into other jobs like management, marketing, sales, scientific journalism or consultancy.

You could also work and study overseas.

You can find more details about careers and training in zoology from the Institute of Zoology.

Skills required and how your skills match up

What skills are required?

You’ll need:

  • the ability to carry out detailed work accurately and methodically
  • the ability to plan research, analyse and interpret data, and write reports
  • practical and problem-solving skills
  • patience, perseverance and the ability to concentrate for long periods
  • the ability to work as part of a multi-disciplinary team
  • strong communication and IT skills
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