Should my child do an apprenticeship or a degree?
With more and more opportunities to do an apprenticeship at a higher level in a bigger range of occupations, it can be difficult to decide which is the best route to choose.
Choices after a Level 3 qualification
If your son or daughter has just completed a Level 3 qualification at a school, college or sixth form and is uncertain whether to choose a degree at a university or college or an apprenticeship, there are a number of factors to consider.
The most important factor when considering these options is what your son or daughter would like to do as a future career. An apprenticeship will train them for a job - so they need to have a reasonable idea that that is a job of interest to them. They also need to see if it has progression opportunities for example if you start at level 3 or level 4 are there opportunities to progress to level 5/ 6 qualifications and career roles?
On the other hand a degree in any
subject is attractive to employers, so if your son or daughter is less
sure what job or career they want to do, and have a subject they would
like to study in depth at a higher education level, this could be a good
route for them.
More students are also choosing to stay close to home and go to their local college to study higher education courses. This can be a good option if your son/ daughter wants to study a job related course, so has a good idea of where they want to go next eg Business, computing, countryside management.
Careers and routes.
Also, they will need to decide if they like the idea of earning a wage, being in an adult environment, and ‘learning by doing’, which is what apprenticeships offer. Or are they more tempted by opportunities to continue to study a subject in depth, potentially move away from home and experience ‘student life’?
Ultimately, if they know the career direction in which they want to head, they need to have researched the best way to get there and compared the pros and cons of choosing the degree or apprenticeship route.
Apprenticeships can be at degree level
In many cases apprenticeships lead onto a university level qualification. Apprenticeships are now offered in a number of subjects including professional areas such as law and nursing. For example a school leaver at 18 may start an apprenticeship as a Nursing Associate which then leads on to a degree apprenticeship in Nursing. There are over 354 career areas it is possible to do a higher or degree apprenticeship in.
There are also 1000s of degree courses, offered at both colleges and universites.
With so many choices is is crucial that your child has researched their career ideas to ensure they have chosen the best route for reaching their goals. For example, if your child wishes to become an engineer, do something in legal services or become a manager then a Higher Apprenticeship is a fantastic route into these careers.
Some jobs require specific degrees
On the other hand, some careers require specific degrees from university study. For example medicine – to become a qualified doctor you need A levels and have a medical degree. It’s not possible to do medicine through an apprenticeship [yet..]
Apprenticeships are not the easy alternative to going to university though. There are some very competitive apprenticeship programmes, with tough application processes and lots of competition. An apprenticeship is ultimately a job and your son or daughter will need an up-to-date, professional CV, to have identified employers they wish to apply to, and have good interview and employability skills. Most colleges have teams who are able to support young people with this.
To find out more about entry routes into different careers you can explore the Careerpilot Job Sectors, where you will find links to hundreds of job profiles which explain the possible routes into them.